Medical Conditions That Often Improve with Hormonal Contraceptives
• Acne
• Coagulation defects (e.g., menstrual porphyria)
• Dysmenorrhea
• Endometriosis
• Hirsutism
• Iron-deficiency anemia
• Irregular menses
• Menorrhagia
• Menstrual migraines
• Polycystic ovary syndrome
• Premenstrual syndrome
• Some seizure disorders
Conditions in this group often improve with hormonal contraceptives (progestin-only or combined estrogen-progestin). However, for additional benefit and enhanced convenience, hormonal contraceptives can be used continuously – that is, women can skip the hormone-free week of pills, patch, or vaginal ring. Continuous use of hormonal contraceptives provides extra benefit for the conditions above by eliminating menses.
Risk Reduction through Use of Hormonal Contraceptives
• Colorectal cancer
• Endometrial cancer
• Osteoporosis
• Ovarian cancer
Hormonal Contraceptives
• Contraceptive patch
• Contraceptive vaginal ring
• Combined oral contraceptive pills
• Progestin implant
• Progestin-releasing intrauterine device
• Progestin-only oral contraceptive pills
• Progestin depot injection
Adverse Reactions/Contraindications
These are the same as for indicated contraceptive use.